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C++ (Wikipedia)

C++ (/ˈs plʌs plʌs/, pronounced "C plus plus") is a high-level, general-purpose programming language created by Danish computer scientist Bjarne Stroustrup. First released in 1985 as an extension of the C programming language, it has since expanded significantly over time; modern C++ currently has object-oriented, generic, and functional features, in addition to facilities for low-level memory manipulation. It is almost always implemented as a compiled language, and many vendors provide C++ compilers, including the Free Software Foundation, LLVM, Microsoft, Intel, Embarcadero, Oracle, and IBM.

ISO C++ Logo.svg
Logo endorsed by the C++ standards committee
ParadigmsMulti-paradigm: procedural, imperative, functional, object-oriented, generic, modular
Designed byBjarne Stroustrup
DeveloperISO/IEC JTC 1 (Joint Technical Committee 1) / SC 22 (Subcommittee 22) / WG 21 (Working Group 21)
First appeared1985; 38 years ago (1985)
Stable release
C++20 (ISO/IEC 14882:2020) / 15 December 2020; 2 years ago (2020-12-15)
Preview release
C++23 / 18 December 2022; 3 months ago (2022-12-18)
Typing disciplineStatic, strong, nominative, partially inferred
Filename extensions.C, .cc, .cpp, .cxx, .c++, .h, .H, .hh, .hpp, .hxx, .h++
Major implementations
GCC, LLVM Clang, Microsoft Visual C++, Embarcadero C++Builder, Intel C++ Compiler, IBM XL C++, EDG
Influenced by
Ada, ALGOL 68,BCPL,C, CLU,F#,ML, Mesa,Modula-2,Simula, Smalltalk
Ada 95, C#,C99, Carbon, Chapel,Clojure,D, Java,JS++,Lua,Nim,Objective-C++, Perl, PHP, Python,Rust,Seed7

C++ was designed with systems programming and embedded, resource-constrained software and large systems in mind, with performance, efficiency, and flexibility of use as its design highlights. C++ has also been found useful in many other contexts, with key strengths being software infrastructure and resource-constrained applications, including desktop applications, video games, servers (e.g. e-commerce, web search, or databases), and performance-critical applications (e.g. telephone switches or space probes).

C++ is standardized by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), with the latest standard version ratified and published by ISO in December 2020 as ISO/IEC 14882:2020 (informally known as C++20). The C++ programming language was initially standardized in 1998 as ISO/IEC 14882:1998, which was then amended by the C++03, C++11, C++14, and C++17 standards. The current C++20 standard supersedes these with new features and an enlarged standard library. Before the initial standardization in 1998, C++ was developed by Stroustrup at Bell Labs since 1979 as an extension of the C language; he wanted an efficient and flexible language similar to C that also provided high-level features for program organization. Since 2012, C++ has been on a three-year release schedule with C++23 as the next planned standard.

Definition of "C++" by Chat GPT: C++ is a general-purpose programming language that was developed as an extension of C programming language by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1983. It is an object-oriented programming language, which means that it supports the concepts of encapsulation, inheritance and polymorphism. C++ is widely used for developing system software, application software, device drivers, embedded systems, video games and many other types of software. It is also very popular in the field of computer science education.
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