Surface water is water on the surface of the planet such as in a stream, river, lake, wetland, or ocean. It can be contrasted with groundwater and atmospheric water.
Non-saline surface water is replenished by precipitation and by recruitment from ground-water. It is lost through evaporation, seepage into the ground where it becomes ground-water, used by plants for transpiration, extracted by mankind for agriculture, living, industry etc. or discharged to the sea where it becomes saline.
Definition of "Surface water" by Chat GPT: Surface water refers to any water that is found on the surface of the earth, such as in rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, and other bodies of water. This water comes from precipitation, such as rain and snowmelt, and can be used for a variety of purposes, such as drinking, irrigation, recreation, and industrial use. Surface water is an important resource for many communities, but it can also be affected by pollution and other environmental factors.« Back to Glossary Index