C++

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c++
C++ (Wikipedia)
C++
ISO C++ Logo.svg
Paradigm Multi-paradigm: procedural, functional, object-oriented, generic
Designed by Bjarne Stroustrup
First appeared 1985; 33 years ago (1985)
Stable release
ISO/IEC 14882:2017 / 1 December 2017; 2 months ago (2017-12-01)
Typing discipline Static, nominative, partially inferred
Implementation language C++ or C
Filename extensions .cc .cpp .cxx .C .c++ .h .hh .hpp .hxx .h++
Website isocpp.org
Major implementations
LLVM Clang, GCC, Microsoft Visual C++, Embarcadero C++Builder, Intel C++ Compiler, IBM XL C++, EDG
Influenced by
Ada, ALGOL 68, C, CLU, ML, Simula
Influenced
Ada 95, C#,C99, Chapel,D, Java,Lua, Perl, PHP, Python,Rust, Nim[citation needed]

C++ (pronounced /ˌsˌplʌsˈplʌs/ "see plus plus") is a general-purpose programming language. It has imperative, object-oriented and generic programming features, while also providing facilities for low-level memory manipulation.

It was designed with a bias toward system programming and embedded, resource-constrained and large systems, with performance, efficiency and flexibility of use as its design highlights. C++ has also been found useful in many other contexts, with key strengths being software infrastructure and resource-constrained applications, including desktop applications, servers (e.g. e-commerce, web search or SQL servers), and performance-critical applications (e.g. telephone switches or space probes). C++ is a compiled language, with implementations of it available on many platforms. Many vendors provide C++ compilers, including the Free Software Foundation, Microsoft, Intel, and IBM.

C++ is standardized by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), with the latest standard version ratified and published by ISO in December 2017 as ISO/IEC 14882:2017 (informally known as C++17). The C++ programming language was initially standardized in 1998 as ISO/IEC 14882:1998, which was then amended by the C++03, C++11 and C++14 standards. The current C++17 standard supersedes these with new features and an enlarged standard library. Before the initial standardization in 1998, C++ was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Labs since 1979, as an extension of the C language as he wanted an efficient and flexible language similar to C, which also provided high-level features for program organization. C++20 is the next planned standard thereafter.

Many other programming languages have been influenced by C++, including C#, D, Java, and newer versions of C.

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